How to use Method 1-pps for smart Integrated Pest Management

What is IPM                                          spidermite05

Integrated pest management (IPM) is an ecosystem-based strategy that focuses on long-term prevention of pests or their damage through a combination of techniques such as biological control, habitat manipulation, modification of cultural practices, and use of resistant varieties. Treatments are made with the goal of removing only the target organism. Pest control materials are selected and applied in a manner that minimizes risks to human health, beneficial insects, non-target organisms, and the environment. IPM focuses on prevention of pests and their damages by managing the ecosystem.

What is Method 1-pps?

Method 1-pps is a non-toxic treatment for the control of spider mites, aphids, whitefly, mealy bugs, and other common plant pests. It is easy on your plants and they respond positively to its tonic effect. It is an ideal tool to use in IPM.

Biological Control

Biological control is the use of natural enemies, including predators, parasites, pathogens, and competitors to control pests and their damages. There are many natural enemies. By gaining some degree of knowledge about a particular pest or disease, you can determine which biological control to use. We will address this more in future articles.

Cultural Controls

Cultural controls are practices that reduce pest establishment, reproduction, dispersal, and survival. For example, not over-watering will reduce root pests and disease.

Mechanical and Physical Controls

Mechanical and physical controls kill or control pests directly or make the environment unsuitable for the pest. Traps, mulches, screens, soil sterilization, and barriers are examples of this type of control.

Chemical Controls

Chemical control is the use of pesticides. With IPM, you use the most selective pesticide that will achieve your goal in a way that is the least harmful to humans and the environment.

How Method 1-pps is used in IPM

Method 1-pps fits into the cultural control and chemical controls categories with a major exception. Method 1-pps is an alternative to using chemicals and eliminates the need for dangerous chemical compounds to control appropriate pests. As a cultural control it should be incorporated into scheduled practices of your growing process. It addresses the human safety and environmental concerns, because it is non-toxic, plant and environment friendly, while effective against a variety of pests.

Assessing your situation

Knowledge of your geographical area and what the common pests are for the specific plant in question is a great tool for assessment. See what you can learn. Some pests are virtually ubiquitous and some are local. What species of pests are most common?

Pest identification by visual inspection is a good first step in deciding what treatment or preventive regime to follow.

Monitoring and assessing degree of infestation and damage will help determine first steps in the process and help develop a plan.

Are you growing indoors or outdoors? There are a few different considerations for growing indoors as opposed to growing outdoors. For instance, when growing outdoors you should put more weight on consideration of beneficial insects before starting a treatment program, whereas there are fewer beneficial insects to be concerned about when growing indoors.

The value of your plants is also a consideration when formulating a plan for IPM.

Once you have evaluated the current situation, you are at the starting point of your IPM plan. What is your goal? Here is a good general goal: Control any pests or disease in a way that minimizes harm to your plants, in a way that is of minimal harm to humans or the environment. Notice I did not say eradicate or eliminate. While those are ideal outcomes, do not violate the principle of minimizing the negatives of using dangerous or harmful chemicals. Most of the time there is an acceptable level of pest presence that does not adversely affect the plant. So if you can achieve that without using a harmful substance, you have been successful.

Consider all four of the IPM controls and decide which of them you can improve on in your pest and disease control activities as well as the grow space itself. From there make a plan that includes prevention, scheduled activities, and safe methods and materials.

When using Method 1-pps use these plans which were developed to treat spider mites. With other pests the schedule may need to be tweaked a little. Keep in mind that the goal is to disrupt the life cycle of the pest in a way that prevents successful reproduction, therefore reducing population. Knowledge of the pest life cycle is the key to developing an effective schedule.

Treating a bad infestation.

Mix 8 ounces of Method 1-pps with water to make 1 gallon of spray and apply with maximum coverage until it is dripping from the plant. Apply to top and bottom of leaves.

Follow-up in three days with a mixture of 4 ounces of Method 1-pps per gallon and repeat until the pest is undetectable.

Then revert to a preventive schedule spraying a mixture of 2 ounces per gallon applied once every seven days

Treating a minor infestation.

Sometimes you find an infestation in a cluster among your plants. Spot treat the cluster every three days with a 4 ounce per gallon mixture for four applications then revert to the preventive on all of the plants with a 2 ounce per gallon mixture.

Preventive treatment.

Let’s say you find no current pest problem. Then from a very early stage treat your plants with a 2 ounce per gallon mixture every seventh day. Why treat if there is no problem? Using mites as an example, the reasoning is as follows: Spider mites are extremely hard to see. Broad mites are even harder. It is difficult to examine every square inch of the bottom and top of the leaves to determine if any are present. Their populations can explode very quickly and significant damage can occur before you realize the problem exists. By treating in a proactive manner, you have a much greater chance of cutting off the problem before it is out of control or causes damage.

Alternatively, you could use biological controls in the final stages of these methods if you are concerned about flowers or taste issues.

30 Responses to How to use Method 1-pps for smart Integrated Pest Management

  1. Jason May 19, 2016 at 12:12 pm #

    Can I use this product in my vegetable garden.

    • david May 19, 2016 at 4:02 pm #

      Hey Jason,
      No reason why not. A couple of things to consider: First, use the usual precautions and test it on a small area of a plant to check for compatibility. Not all plants will like this mixture but most will. For instance, we have found that succulents do not respond well. Secondly, not all pests will be eliminated by this product. A good for instance is cutworms. Remember that it is a contact pest control and must be applied directly to the pest. This is best done by complete coverage.

  2. Rob November 8, 2016 at 9:18 pm #

    How do I continue to use Method 1 properly while introducing predatory mites as well in the event of an infestation? I just want to make sure that I don’t kill all of the predators. BTW, I’ve been using this product as a preventative for a few months now and have had no problems at all. Thanks to Brownguy for spreading the good word!

    • david November 8, 2016 at 9:48 pm #

      Hey Rob, I would not recommend using Method 1 and predatory mites at the same time. Usually, Method 1 up until you don’t feel comfortable spraying your plants any longer and then use predators. Lady bugs seem to tolerate Method 1 fairly well but other predators are going to be killed off. I have seen Method 1 used the day before harvest without any negative effect on the taste or quality of the flower. In the event of an infestation, it would indicate a higher frequency of application. We have found no benefit to increasing the strength of the mix. For instance let’s say you discover a significant infestation and also note that the ambient temperature is above 80 degrees. In these circumstances the mites will reproduce and lay eggs at a sharply increased cycle. In other words, they speed up in almost every way. Your Method 1 application should be done on a shorter time interval as well to match the pests. So at minimum spray every third day until the infestation is either defeated, sharply reduced, or crop is harvested. After harvest use a solution of bleach and water to sanitize the grow space. Make sure all cracks and crevices are sanitized since these little buggers like to hide away to vex you another day. Then when your new crop is started, stay on a once every seven day application regime. That should keep things copacetic as long as other environmental conditions are under control (temps, humidity etc.) Proactive, preventive, systematic. Method 1-pps. Hope that helps. Good growing!

  3. Solosicko November 20, 2016 at 6:52 pm #

    What about powery mildew during week 6 flower? How would I use method 1

    • david November 20, 2016 at 8:13 pm #

      Ouch. Bad timing for PM. But, you can use Method 1-pps right up until harvest. We all like to avoid that if possible but without doing something you are in danger of spoiling the whole crop as PM can spread quickly. In this case I would recommend treating right away with Method 1 and treat the entire crop. I have had excellent feedback about Method 1 efficacy on PM. I would also recommend looking at the environmental conditions in your grow space to see if there is something else to be adjusted to help prevent future problems. Also, when this crop is done sanitize the room using bleach to kill any random spores. Good luck and good growing!

  4. Rob December 1, 2016 at 4:05 am #

    If I mix up too much preventative solution, how long will it last? Can I just shake it up and use it the following week?

    • david December 2, 2016 at 5:14 pm #

      Hi Rob. We have kept mixed Method 1-pps in a spray bottle for up to 3 months and with just a little shake up used it effectively to treat plants. Conclusion: No problemo! Thanks for contacting us with your question.

  5. Dan January 7, 2017 at 12:34 am #

    Does it do anything to russet mites?

    • david January 7, 2017 at 1:17 am #

      Hi Dan, very good question. This last summer we had a large customer that had a widespread Russet Mite infestation. Using Method 1-pps they were able to save their crop and control the pests. So the short answer is YES. 2000 plants would be a heavy loss. We always reserve these kind of statements until it has been proven or thoroughly tested. So far we have proven results with spider mites, russet mites, and broad mites, plus thrips as well as powdery mildew. We originally created this product to deal with spider mites and have found that the other mites respond about the same. Thrips are a little different animal but can be dealt with using Method 1-pps. The real surprise for us was the fact that powdery mildew can be eradicated and prevented with it. If you need more information or advice about using it please ask and we will do our best to help.

      • Nick August 26, 2017 at 4:59 am #

        To fight of said russet infestation, Was there a special procedure used to win the battle? Or did the grower just follower infestation directions and to a weekly maintenance once things were under control? I am going to fight the fight with these little guys, I have to. A good friend gave me a bottle to try out and so far I love it. I have used it as maintenance in my indoor. My outdoor is needing help tho. I want to win this battle, any advice not found here would be appreciated. Im going to see if grandma can buy some. Is the 1-gallon the best rate? Thank you for everything, I love the product, makes me want to drink some mint tea.

        • david August 26, 2017 at 4:52 pm #

          Hi Nick, well russet mites are becoming one of the top problems for cannabis growers. The eradication of them is a bit of a process. They have a life cycle similar to spider mites. It takes 8-14 days for them to reach adulthood but can begin laying eggs two days after hatching. They can overwinter so recurrence is a concern. They are sap suckers and start at the base of the plant and work their way up. You can have a serious infestation before you see damage that tips you off. I always advise preventive treatment but everybody thinks I’m just trying to sell more product. Russets can be mistaken for nutrient deficiencies. It is imperative that you have a microscope to positively identify your pest. For russet mites I would recommend treatment with Method 1 pps every other day for five or six applications and then cut to once a week. Be sure to spray everything thoroughly starting at soil level and working up methodically through the entire plant including all stalks and stems, all leaves underside and top, and even flowers if you are at that stage. It can take several week of vigilant treatment to assure that the have been eradicated. Use the scope to see if there are active living mites or viable eggs. Next crop, be sure to treat proactively to prevent them from getting started. You can definitely salvage your crop.

  6. Danny Myers January 30, 2017 at 12:47 am #

    I have a plant that it is40 days old, from seed I wanted to know if I could use this on my baby

    • david January 30, 2017 at 5:49 pm #

      Hi Danny, thanks for contacting us with your question. The answer is an emphatic yes. Remember, mix at 2oz of Method 1 per gallon of water. We recommend a once a week application no matter if you see pest damage or not. It is much easier to keep the smaller plants clear of pests and very cost effective since it takes much less spray. Keeping them free of pests up through the early stages of flowering gives you a much better chance of finishing out without the need to treat. Then you are able to finish out without treating or by using beneficial insects. You can still use Method 1 right up until harvest if necessary.

  7. danny February 2, 2017 at 2:33 am #

    thanks David, i have one more question for you will it kill the beneficial insects or microorganisms?

    thanks for the help

    • david February 2, 2017 at 5:06 pm #

      Great question Danny. When used as a foliar spray it should be applied in a thorough manner until the leaves are dripping. As a result there will be some of it dripping onto the grow medium surface. We have observed no detrimental effect from that. As far as the beneficial insects are concerned, if you are using predator mites I’m pretty sure you would kill them. Ladybugs on the other hand seem to tolerate Method 1 fairly well. Our opinion is that you should not use beneficial insects at the same time as Method 1. Best results have been to use method 1 through most of the growth cycle. Then if you want to cease treatment in middle to late flowering switch to beneficials to finish. We have observed no detrimental effect on microorganisms on the surface of leaves. If used as a soil drench (we do not recommend) you should use a very weak solution. Method 1 is not intended for that type of application and it could cause damage to the microbes in the grow medium.

  8. Danny February 3, 2017 at 12:52 am #

    Thanks David this was very helpful, I’m just going to use it as a topical.

  9. sam April 11, 2017 at 11:06 am #

    state NONE Chemical management methods employed the target spider pest

  10. ThaGreenBandit May 6, 2017 at 3:17 pm #

    Does Method 1 affect nematodes?

    • david May 6, 2017 at 3:41 pm #

      Hey Bandit, good question. I honestly do not know if it will effect nematodes but I would imagine that it would. We have only recently started testing Method 1 as a soil drench and so far here is what we do know. At a reduced mixture (1/2 oz per gallon of water)it will not harm the plant. Other than that we have not established the effect on microbes and invertebrates. As we progress with testing we will post the results on our website, newsletter, IG etc. So at this point I would recommend that if you must soil drench (root aphids) it would seem wise to re-inoculate the soil afterwards.

  11. Sir. SmokAlot May 9, 2017 at 8:19 pm #

    I had a question in regards to the spider mite eggs. Can method one get rid of them as well or so I have to wait for the eggs to hatch that’s why we do it in there day Intervals

    • david May 10, 2017 at 9:35 pm #

      Sir Smokalot, you are indeed on the right track. The eggs are the most difficult part of dealing with spider mites. Method 1 will desiccate many of the eggs but it is dependent on getting coverage on every one of them and even then doesn’t get them all. If you miss one egg and it hatches, in one month you have potentially one million spider mites. So our reasoning is that it is unlikely that you kill every egg when you spray. It is even likely that you don’t even get all the live mites. That makes it imperative to spray multiple times to really get them under control or be completely rid of them. By spraying on a three day interval you will interrupt the life cycle by killing live mites before they are capable of laying eggs and perpetuating the problem. It is also wise to treat the plants when they are small and keep them free of pests as the grow. Small plants are easier to maintain and it costs much less. As the plant gets big it becomes more difficult to get full coverage when you spray and requires a lot more spray. If your plants are pest free throughout their growth it is less critical as they mature and flower because you have made sure they are clean up until that point. It’s cheap insurance and not that much work to spray from the beginning once every week or two. Much of this is judgement but it does make sense to ensure that is they grow up without detrimental issues you will have healthier and more productive plants.

  12. Francis Jackson Howard June 8, 2017 at 8:56 am #

    Cool, thanks for writing this article.

    • david June 12, 2017 at 5:53 pm #

      Thank you. Be sure to read “What we have learned about Method 1.

  13. Rob August 8, 2017 at 9:02 pm #

    Would it be beneficial or just a waste to add a little aloe flake sometimes to my weekly IPM spraying of Method 1?

    • david August 9, 2017 at 5:02 pm #

      Hi Rob, actually I have done that myself. Aloe does have some benefits such as it being a good wetting agent to give enhanced coverage. If not for laws and regulations it could very well be a part of Method 1 pps. If you know about aloe vera and what the benefits are then hopefully you will understand that we cannot make any claims regarding that as it would involve labeling laws. Suffice it to say that it could be beneficial and probably not a waste of time.

  14. Jesse August 23, 2017 at 7:39 pm #

    Is the spraysafe to use around pets? (Dogs in my case)

    • david August 24, 2017 at 8:07 pm #

      Jesse, it should be absolutely safe to spray around pets. They shouldn’t eat it but the spray shouldn’t hurt them at all.

  15. Poops September 6, 2017 at 7:23 pm #

    Should the plants be washed down with plain water after so many method 1 applications ?..

    • david September 6, 2017 at 7:55 pm #

      It certainly wouldn’t hurt to follow up with a water wash-down. With heavy infestations and aggressive treatment with Method 1 I do sometimes follow with water. Alternating M1 with a foliar feeding is an option if there is not a heavy infestation. Plants will easily tolerate once a week treatments but when you have to step up you applications washing it down afterwards is a good thing.

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